The IUC Asia programme works with cities from Europe and Asia in different areas:
- Sustainable Urban Development: Cross-city pairings between European and Chinese cities
- Energy and Climate Action: Cities from China, the Republic of Korea, Vietnam, Indonesia and Malaysia
Participating Chinese Cities
Chongqing is the only one centrally-administered municipality in western China, with an area of over 82 thousand km2 and a population of over 30 million people.
Chongqing is the largest automotive production base in China. Liangjiang New Area in Chongqing, growing very fast in recent years, has been desinated as a key district to cooperate with Europe under IUC Program, especially in such sectors as intelligent manufacturing industry, transport logistics, biomedicine and trade, etc.
Longyan is located in west of Fujian province, located at the intersection of three provinces: Fujian, Guangdong and Jiangxi. It has a population of over three million.
With abundant ecological, cultural and tourism resources, Longyan is keen to exchange with European cities on urban policies including green and low-carbon development, cultural, tourism and education promotion.
As the capital city of Henan province located in central China, Zhengzhou has a population of nearly 10 million and its urbanization rate in 2016 is 71%.
Zhengzhou is an important hub city in national web of railway, aviation, highway, electricity, a national base for ICT industry, automobile&equipment manufacturing industry, as well as a modern commerce & trade logistics center. It is a key hub city along China’s “One Belt, One Road” initiative.
Shantou is one of the five Special Economic Zones in China, located in the east of Guangdong province, with population of 5.5 million. It is one the earliest port city opening to foreign commerce and trade in China.
The Overseas Chinese Economic and Cultural Cooperation Experimental Zone identifies the focus of cooperation with EU on advanced education, smart city, intelligent manufacturing, etc.
Changchun is the capital and largest city of Jilin Province in China. Lying in the center of the Songliao Plain, Changchun has a total population of 7,6 million.
Changchun is an important industrial base with a particular focus on the automotive sector. Because of its key role in the domestic automobile industry, Changchun was sometimes referred to as the “Detroit of China.”
Apart from this industrial aspect, Changchun is also one of four “National Garden Cities” awarded due to its high urban greening rate.
Haikou is the capital city of Hainan province and the political, economic, cultural and transportation center of Hainan. It has a total population of 2.27 million and an area of 2305 km2.
Haikou is the gateway city for the development of Chinese South Sea. The ratio of primary, secondary and tertiary industry in Haikou is: 4.6 : 18.1 : 77.3.
Kunming is the capital of Yunnan province, with a total population of 6.67 million and an area of 21,473km2. In 2017, the city’s GDP totaled 485.8 billion RMB, GDP per capita at 10,600 USD.
Kunming is the regional international city in south-west China, serving as the main gateway of China to ASEAN countries and South-Asian countries.
Liuzhou is the second largest city and the most important industrial city of Guangxi province. It has a population of 4 million, an area of 18,600 km2, and its urbanization rate at 64%. The main industries include automotive, machinery, metal processing, medical sectors and chemical industry.
Liuzhou is the logistic hub for product processing to ASIAN countries.
Weinan is the 2nd biggest city of Shaanxi province in terms of population. It has a total population of 5.8 million and an area of 13,134 km2. In 2017, the city’s GDP totaled 165.7 billion RMB, GDP per capita at 4,877 USD. It has a municipal budget of 7.2 billion RMB. The ratio of primary, secondary and tertiary industry is 15.0 : 55.1 : 29.9 and the main industries of Weinan include metal processing, energy and chemical industry.
Weinian has the sister city relationship with Szeged (Hungary).
Yantai is currently the second largest industrial city in Shandong, next to Qingdao. It has a population of 7 million, and a total land area of 13,756 km2 . In 2017, the city’s GDP totaled 734 billion RMB, GDP per capita at 14812 USD. It has a municipal budget of 57 billion RMB.
The main industries are machinery, equipment, automobiles and parts, electronics and information, artificial fibre and textiles, food processing, refined chemicals, and bio-pharmaceutics.
Panjin City is located in north eastern China, south-central Liaoning Province, the centre of the Liaohe Delta, and the mouth of the Liaohe River. Panjin has a total area of 4,102 square kilometers and a coastline of 107 kilometers, as well as the largest wetland in the world. Panjin w has a total population of 1.44 million people. It has 3 districts, 1 county and 1 economic zone under its jurisdiction.
- South end of Yangtze River Delta city cluster
- Land area: 20,000 square kilometers
- Population: 8.2 million
- Ningbo-zhoushan port: connecting with over 600 ports of mor than 100 coutries and regions
- Cargo throughput exceeding 1 billion tons, ranking first in the world for 10 consecutive years
- Solid industrial foundation: petrolchemical, new material, home appliance, clothing, etc.
Huhhot is the capital of Inner Mongolia in the north of China, serving as the region’s administrative, economic and cultural centre. Its population was 3,12 million inhabitants in 2018.
Huhhot is a major industrial centre within Inner Mongolia. Together with Baotou and Ordos, it accounts for more than 60 percent of the total industrial output of Inner Mongolia.
The city has been a central developmental target for the China Western Development project. There are many famous enterprises located in Hohhot, including China’s largest dairy producers, the Yili Industrial Group, and the Mengniu Dairy Co.
As the economic centre of Inner Mongolia, Hohhot’s urban area has expanded greatly since the 1990s. Due to its relatively diverse cultural make-up, the Hohhot street scene has no shortage of ethnic minority elements, especially in increasing Mongol-themed architecture around the city.
Yangzhou is located in the middle of Jiangsu Province, connecting the north and south, the intersection of the Yangtze River and the Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal. It is the Grand Canal City in China, a “UN Habitat Award” city, and on World Heritage List.
Yangzhou has a total area of 6,634 square kilometers and a population of 4.6 million. The city has formed a modern integrated transportation network of aviation, high-speed rail, and expressways.
Yangzhou is focusing on building an internationally acknowledged cultural city. The major project is to turn the Slender West Lake into a world-class park along Jianghuai ecological corridor.
Yangzhou’s Sino-German Industrial Park was launched in 2011.
Chengdu has 14,4 million inhabitants and is the capital of Sichuan Province (China’s 4th largest province with 81 million inhabitants). The city has an ambitious low carbon work programme, including sharp carbon intensity reduction and the increase of non-fossil energy share. Chengdu also aims to build itself into a sustainable smart city as an effective way to create green GDP. The countryside remains the poorer part of Chengdu City, and its environmental pollution becomes continuously serious. Chengdu City is also developing an integrated urban-rural development, in order to improve the jobs and income opportunities, reduce the urban-rural divide, and reverse the current trend of environmental degradation that is jeopardizing both people and nature.
Chengdu has several economic and technological development zones, including the Chengdu Economic and Technological Development Zone (CETDZ) and the High-Tech Industrial Development Zone and the Tianfu New Area (including Tianfu Software Park).
The most innovative city development is taking place at Tianfu New Area, a planned area of 1.578 km2, 85% of which is under the jurisdiction of Chengdu. The priority of the area is to develop a circular economy and establish strategic new industries such as energy resources, new materials, energy conservation, biotechnology, and the new generation information technology and high-end equipment manufacturing. Field visits at Tianfu New Area will include the Xinglong Lake Ecological Area, a large ecological construction project, with an artificial lake at the centre and total area of over 3 km2.
Guangzhou is the capital and most populous city of Guangdong province in southern China. Located on the Pearl River, 120 km north-northwest of Hong Kong, Guangzhou was a major terminus of maritime Silk Road and is a major port and transportation hub. Being China’s third largest city, its population is around 15 million in 2020.
There is a rapidly increasing number of foreign temporary residents and immigrants from Southeast Asia, Middle East, Eastern Europe and Africa, hence the name “Capital of the Third World”.
Guangzhou is the main manufacturing hub of the Pearl River Delta, one of mainland China’s leading commercial and manufacturing regions. In 2017, GDP reached US$318 billion and per capital US$22,317. It is one of the most prosperous cities in China, yet once also one of the most polluted. But as city development goes greener, it is now one of the most liveable Chinese cities.
The Canton Fair is held every year in April and October by Ministry of Trade. It is the trade fair with the longest history, highest level, and largest scale in China.
Tianjin is a municipality and a coastal metropolis in Northern China on the shore of the Bohai Sea. Its total population is around 15.6 million.
Tianjin is one of the four municipalities governed directly under central government. It is the fourth largest in China, after Shanghai, Beijing, and Guangzhou.
Tianjin has been a major seaport and gateway to Beijing. Around 285 Fortune 500 companies have set up base in Binhai and Tianjin’s Yujiapu Financial District has become known as China’s Manhattan.
Tianjin Tanggu Marine High-Tech Development Area is the only national-level high-tech development specialized in developing the marine Hi-Tech industry. The zone has 2,068 corporations and 5 industries, including new materials, oil manufacturing, modern machinery manufacturing, and electronic information.
Wuhan is the capital of Hubei province. It is the most populous city in Central China, with a population of over 11 million.
Wuhan today is considered the political, economic, financial, commercial, cultural and educational centre of Central China.
It is a major transportation hub, with dozens of railways, roads and expressways passing through the city and connecting to other major cities.
The “Golden Waterway” of the Yangtze River and its largest tributary, the Han River, traverse the urban area. The Three Gorges Dam, the world’s largest power station in terms of installed capacity, is located nearby.
Wuhan is home to multiple notable institutes of higher education, including Wuhan University, ranked third nationwide and Huazhong University of Science and Technology. In 2017, Wuhan was designated as a Creative City by UNESCO, in the field of design.